Papers & Publications

A Selection of Papers Authored or Co-authored by D. C. Dorrough, Ph.D.

Below is a chronological list of papers, articles and technical reports authored by D. C. Dorrough, Ph.D. Co-authors are given credit where applicable. Where noted, the papers can be found in peer-reviewed journals and symposium records. Some of the documents were published as private technical papers and they are cited using internal technical report identification conventions and with reference to the company for which the work was completed. These, of course, are proprietary. Some of the papers are commercially published and are noted as such. All of the works have been included to indicate the history of Dr. Dorrough’s research and to provide a history of the development of his work indicating what basic research was his own and what constituted an application of that research.

Full text documents will be uploaded to the site as they are located and cleared from copyright or propriety claims. Links to full text documents still under copyright constraints and available on the Internet will be added where appropriate.

1950’s

  • With: Masterman, M., “The Thesaurus Approach to Information Retrieval.” Proceedings International Conference on Scientific Information, 72-91 (1956)
  • Plato and the Neo-Platonists Relative to the Hindu Concept of Release, Master’s Theses for Master of Arts, University of Hawaii, 1953.  Also available on this site..
  • On the use of Lattices for Identifying Missing Terms in Analogies.” Philosophical Colloquium Series. University of North Carolina, (1956) and Logique et Analyse, Fasicle II, 86-92, (1958)
  • With: Hesse, M. B., “A C-Lattice Model of the Structure of Language.” Philosophical Colloquium Series, University of North Carolina, (1958), also Logique et Analyse, Masson et cie, Paris (1956)

 1960’s

  • With: Hesse, M., “Necessary Foundations for a Logic Calculus of Analogy,” Monographs in Mathematics, #223 UNC Press, (1690)
  • The Logic of Multipurpose Devices,” ACRD-Memorandum, August 3, 1960
  • Arithmetic by One Logical Connective,” ACRD-Memorandum, October 7, 1960
  • “A General Method for Applying Error Correction to Binary Digital Systems”. Fourth Ann. Sympos. On Info. Theory and Control (1960)
  • Boolean Matrix Representation and optimization of Digital Systems”: A. C. Electronics Research Note, (May 1961)
  • Application of Statistical Filter Theory to the Optimal Estimation of Position and Velocity on Board a Circumlunar Vehicle,” A. C. Electronics Research Report ACRD 3249-LA-78, (1962)
  • The Logic of Reliability Measurement,” Proceedings of the First International Conference on Technology Transfer. Washington D. C., (1962)
  • Minimizing the Time for Testing and Correcting by Optimizing the Sequence of Items Tested.” A. C. Electronics Research Report ACRD 3249-LA-154, (1963)
  • “On Independent Systems of Axioms with Respect to Distributive Lattices”. Publicationes Mathematica, 10, 162-170 (1963)
  • A Reliability Model for Digital Guidance Systems,” Technical Report SM-47657, Prepard under sponsorship of Douglas Aircraft Company, (1964)
  • Model-Theoretic Approach to Evaluating and Enhancing the Reliability of Complex Systems,” Prepared under sponsorship of Douglas Aircraft Company, Report, SM-47767. (1964)
  • A Prolegomenon to Some Future Considerations of the Notion of Analogy,” University Microfilm Research Series, (1964) and International Archives of Outstanding Doctoral Dissertations, (1965)
  • “Some Theorems on the Approximation of An N-Variate Density Function”. Math. Stat. 35, 1065-1076 (1964)
  • On Adaptive Computers,” (Volume 1-Self-Organizing Control Systems) SM-47857, (1965)
  • Redundancy and System Reliability,” Prepared for Douglas Aircraft Company: Advance Electronics Department, Nov 1965, see following listing.
  • “An Objective Function Approach To Mathematically Linking Redundancy and System Reliability”, SIAM, Nov (1965)
  • Open-Loop, time-Optimal Control of a Stable Maneuverable Re-Entry Vehicle,” (Volume 2-Self Organizing Control Systems) SM-47904, (1965)
  • Off-Line Training of Time-Optimal, Fuel-Optimal and Minimum Energy Controllers,” (Volume 3 Self-Organizing control Systems) SM-51975, (1966)
  • With: Stinson, P. J. and Burrows, A. A., “A Systematic Approach to the Study of the Biotechnological Aspects of Aviation Safety,” Proceedings of the 37th Annual Scientific Meeting Aerospace Medical Association, (1966) Prepared under the sponsorship of Douglas Aircraft Company.
  • With: Zapalac, J. J., “Applications of Artificial Intelligence Techniques to a Spacecraft Control Problem,: Final Report to NASA”, (1966)
  • “Arithmetic By Means of One Logic Connective”. Archives for Computing I, 3, 26-30 (1966)
  • Self-Repair, A Methodical Approach to Improving Computer Reliability,” Presented to Nato-Agard Symposium on Spaceborne Control Systems Reliability, Paris, France, March 7-8, 1967 Prepared under the sponsorship of Douglas Aircraft Company, Inc.
  • Serial Execution of Synchronous Binary Trial and Error Division,” Archives for Computing II, 4, (1967) Prepared under the sponsorship of Douglas Aircraft Company.
  • “Resolution Enhancement of EPR Spectra by means of Second Derivatives and Line Sharpening”, Research Report # MDC G0462. Computer Research and Development Section Advanced Electronics Department, Douglas Aircraft Corporation (1967)
  • “Serial Execution of Synchronous Binary Trial and Error Division”. Archives for Computing II, 3, 36-48. (1967)
  • With: Veal, E. F., “On Symmetry in Boolean Functions and the Sizes of Interchange Classes”, The American Journal of Mathematics 188, 37-57, (1967)
  • A Methodical Approach to Analyzing and Synthesizing a Self-Repairing Computer,” IEEE Transactions on Computers, Vol. C-18, January, (1969) . Prepared under the sponsorship of Douglas Aircraft Company, Inc.

 1970’s

  • “A Note on Primary and Secondary Syncategoremata”. Foundations of Language. 5, 285-288, (1969) and Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic Vol XI, No. 1, Jan (1970).
  • Spin Lattice T1 and t2 for the Terminal Methyl Segment of the Phosphatydal-Choline Molecule,” B-Series Monographs, Cambridge University, (1970)
  • A Logical Calculus of Analogy (AS1) Involving Functions of Order 2. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic. XI 3 (1970)
  • A Theoretical Analysis of System Quality. IEEE Transactions on Reliability, Vol. R 20 (1971)
  • “On the Consistency and Completeness of AS1.” Annals of Pure and Applied Mathematical Logic, 21, 95-111 (1971)
  • “Distance Matrices and Their Relations to Similarity Functors in the Ramified Theory of Types”. TOHOKU C-1, 204-218. (1972). In Japanese (A translation in English may be available from the author.)
  • “A Technical Critique of the Haar Function, Its Discrete Transform and Its Application to Pulse Mode Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometry”, Journal of Pattern Acquisition, Analysis and Classification Studies, (J. PAACS), Vol 4, 67-79. (1972)
  • Steady-State and Time Dependent Models of the MMRPV Logistics and Support Process,” Ultrasystems Technical Report, (1972)
  • Risk Assessment of the Validation and Development of Four RPV Designs,” Ultrasystems Technical Report, (1972)
  • “Models and Optimization Theory for Functions of Permutations”. UltraSystems, Inc. Technical Report, (1972)
  • With: Butler, L. A., “The Derivation of Electroencephalographic Depth Discriminates for A Sub-Class of Injectable Anesthetics”. A Research Proposal to NIH (1973)
  • ROBOT: A Program for Optimally Synthesizing Fault-Tolerant Computing Systems”, Ultrasystems Technical Report (1973)
  • “Discrete Cases of Distribution Recovery Techniques for Reliability,” UltraSystems, Inc. Technical Report, (date unknown)
  • “Some Theorems on the Approximation of an N-Variate Density Function,” UltraSystems, Inc. (date unknown)
  • Two-Dimensional Filters for Signal Estimation and Surface Matching”, Intern. Joint Conf. Pattern Recog. (1973)
  • With: Loutensock, W. R. and Johnson, L. D., “Investigation of Available Computers in a Fault-Tolerant System Configuration,” Technical Report MDC-G-1548, McDonnell Douglas, (1974)
  • Group Codes: Their Potential for Erasure Reconstruction,” MDC-G-5922, McDonnell Douglas, (1974)
  • Forced Erasure Decoding: Analytic Evaluation”, MDC-G-5923, McDonnell Douglas, (1974)
  • “A Simulator for Forced-Erasure Decoding”, MDC-G-5924, McDonnell Douglas, (1974)
  • An Evaluation of Forced Erasure Decoding,” CD-G-925, McDonnell Douglas, (1974)
  • Mathematical Research in Target Detection and Identification: A Report to the Air Force Office of Scientific Research”, MDC-G-4533, McDonnell Douglas, (1974)
  • Resolution Enhancement of EPR Spectra by means of Second Derivatives and Line Sharpening,” MDC-G-0462, McDonnell Douglas, (1974)
  • A Review of the Haar Function and Its Discrete Transform,” Technical Proceedings of the First Symposium on the Applicability of Nonclassical Orthogonal Functions to Signal and Image Processing (ANOFSIP), (1974)
  • “Mathematical Research In Target Detection and Identification”, MDC-G5105. McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Company (1974)
  • “A Ship Target Emission Model,” Proceedings, Military Operations Research Group, (1974)
  • The Radix-2 Walsh Transform; A Computational Evaluation,” Technical Proceedings ANOFSIP-2, (1975)
  • “Multiple Imaging Using Photomicroscopes and Microscopic Holography,” McDonnell Douglas HEL-PTDY Report, (1975) (et.al.)
  • Pattern Classes: A Technique for Recovering Their Distributions,” International Journal of Computer and Information Sciences, Vol.5, #2, (1976)
  • A Grant Proposal to NIH entitled, “Physiology and Pharmacology of Sleep”. In Technical Justification and General Research Plan for the ABACUS Project. Department of Anesthesiology, Loma Linda University School of Medicine (Final Version), Appendix 6.6 (1976)
  • With: Korpman, R., Brailsford, J. D. and Bull, B. S., “The Red Cell Shape as an Indicator of Membrane Structure,” Blood Cells, Vol. 3, 313-334 (1977) Also found in Red Cell Rheology, edited by M. Bessis, Springer, 1978.
  • Anesthetic Action – Support for a Multiple Site Hypothesis Anesthetic Action – Support for a Multiple Site Hypothesis Using Haar Transformed Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectra,” Scientific Proceedings of the American Society of Anesthesiologists, 123-124 (1978) (Upload is author’s tear sheet from the publication)
  • With: Butler, L. Allen, “Derivation of Electroencephalographic Depth Discriminants for a Sub-Class of Injectible Anesthetics,” (1977)
  • On the Thermodynamic Viability of Three Excitable Membrane Models,” TOHOKU, Vol. 63, #8, (1978)
  • “Toward a Formal Logic for Analogical Inference”. Studies in Logic. XX, 2 (1978) . In Japanese. (A translation into English may be available from the author.)
  • With: Timofeev, V. P., “A New Spin-Label Technique for Demonstrating Membrane Receptor Site Responses to a Sub-Class of Anesthetics”. Biophys. Acta, 327(1) 57-65. (1979)

 1980’s

  • The Effects of Wind Noise on the ORATMS Sensor,” Final Technical Report to AARADCOM #2, Hughes Aircraft Company, (September, 1980)
  • The Effects of Fogs and Other Obscurants on the ORATMS LOS Sensor,” Technical Report #2 to AARADCOM, Hughes Aircraft Company, (December, 1980)
  • Mobile Intelligent Acquisition System (MITACS)” Research Paper #11002 Hughes Basic Research Laboratories, Hughes Aircraft Company (1980)
  • Digital Magnetometer: Technical Characteristics and Performance,” Final Report 81-11-339 to AARADCOM, Hughes Aircraft Company, (1981)
  • Intelligent Tactical Autonomous Control System (ITACS)”, Research Paper #10715. Hughes Basic Research Laboratories, Hughes Aircraft Company (1981)
  • Initial Threat Analysis for All Source Analysis Systems (ASAS)/PLRS-JTIDS Hybrid (PJH),” Hughes Aircraft Company, SDN X-90560, (1982)
  • Proposed methodology for Arriving at an Evaluation of an Army Robotized Vehicle,” IDC 82/1654.00/064, Hughes Aircraft Company, (March 1982)
  • With: Pizzurro, V. F., Bhanu, B., and Pasik, Jr., “A Multisensor, Multimode Tracker Approach to Missile Ship Targeting,” Proceedings of the 1982 Tri-Service Workshop on Missile Ship Targeting, 18 (1982)
  • “Vision-Based Predictive Robotic Tracking on a Moving Target”. Studies in Robotics, North Holland, (1982)
  • “A Probabilistic Image Detection and Interpretation Model”. PAACS, Vol. 14 102-110. (1982)
  • With: Politopoulas, A. S. and Parvin, B., “Application Potential of the Theories of Analogy of Winston and Carbonell,” Internal Report, Advanced Development Laboratory, Ford Aerospace and Communications Corporation, (1983)
  • “Evaluation of Automated Acquisition and Classification Systems”. PAACS. Vol. 15 206-224. (1983)
  • “Some Results on the Necessity and Sufficiency of Analogies and Their Contexts”. Rassegna Internationale Di Logica. XIV, 1 (1983)
  • “A Parametric Model for Observed Motion Analysis”. PAACS, Vol. 16. 51-66. (1984)
  • With: and Politopoulos, A. S., “Evaluation of the Behavior of Carbonell’s Difference Metric with Respect to Its Applications to Three Types of Expert Systems.” Internal Report, Advanced Development Laboratory, Ford Aerospace and Communications Corporation, (1984)
  • With: Politopoulos, A. S., “Results of an Application of the PAC System to a Knowledge Based Image Processing Problem,” IR&D Technical Report, Ford Aerospace and Communications Corporation, (1984)
  • Detection and Interpretation Model,” Technical Appendix, Proposal for Advanced Antiship Targeting Development, Ford Aerospace and Communications Corporation, (1984)
  • An Expert System for Automatic Target Recognition,” Technical Appendix, Proposal for Advanced Antiship Targeting Development, Ford Aerospace and Communications Corporation, (1984)
  • A Review of non-Parametric Methods of Classification,” Technical Appendix, Proposal for Advanced Antiship Targeting Development, Ford Aerospace and Communications Corporation, (1984)
  • A Mathematical Model of FLIR Performance,” Technical Appendix, Proposal for Advanced Antiship Targeting Development, Ford Aerospace and Communications Corporation, (1984)
  • With: Hammond, R. A.” Assessment of AI Technology Operator/System Interface for Extravehicular Robots for the U. S. Orbiting Space Station,” Boeing computer Services, Advanced Technology Applications Division Report BCS-G2010-1, (1984)
  • PACS: A Probabilistic Analogical Calculus with Applications to Knowledge Based Systems,” FGCS-84 ICOT, (1984)
  • With: Hammond, R. A., Meyer, D. P., “Evolutionary Paths for Artificial Intelligence Technologies in Operator Interactions with Space Station Robots.” Proceedings, Twenty-Second Space Congress, (1985)
  • “Robotics Concepts for the U. S. Space Station”. Transactions of the American Astronautical Society. AAS 85, 4-31 (1985) Also see: Space Exploitation & Utilization: Proceedings of the First AAS/JRS Symposium( Advances in the Astronautical Sciences
  • “Arithmetic Complexity within Predicate Logics of Provability”. Doklady Akademii, SSSR. 288-300 (1986). In Russian. (A translations into English may be available from the author, the article applied to cellular and subcellular complexity and bioinformatics)
  • With: Artemov, S. C. (shared First Author), “Multidimensional Lattices for the Representation of Nucleotides and Their Sequencing”. Journal of Computational Complexity and Applied Mathematical Logic. Doklady Akademii nauk, SSSR 390-425 (1986). In Russian. (A translation is not available. Involves basic definition of physical complexity.)
  • “Toward a Coherent Multi-Targeting Protocol”. (A book of 14 math papers in the following areas: Localization and Segmentation, Feature Computations and Selection, Classification, and Modeling). Academic Press (1986). (Applied to cellular and subcellular complexity and bioinformatics.)
  • Analogy: A Priori Requirements for Deep Expert System Applications. In Knowledge Based Problem Solving. J. S. Kowalik, Editor. Prentice-Hall, Chapter 3, 112-165, (1986)
  • With: Artemov, S. C., (shared First Author), “On Logics of Provability and Their Relation to Certain Complexity Problems in Biology”. Journal of Computational Complexity and Applied Mathematical Logic. Doklady Akademii nauk, SSSR. 1287-1298 (1987). In Russian. (A translation is not available. Involves basic definition of physical complexity.)
  • Space Station Automation and Robotics Study: Operator-Systems Interface, Boeing Aerospace, November 1984. Prepared for NASA.  In additional, Dorrough contributed to the Study Reports for Space Station Technology Development Mission Requirement Definition for Advanced Automation and Robotics. This document may also be available in NASA archived.
  • “A Critique of Nonparametric Methods for Classification of Imagery and Speech Data”. PAACS 20, 222-238 (1988)
  • “Initial Specification for an Analogical Neural Network (ANNET)”, Research Report #K0758 McDonnell Douglas (1988)
  • With: Watanobe, K., and Hendrix, J., Design “Considerations for the SARP Algorithms and Assignments on ANNET”, Research Report #K0189. McDonnell Douglas (1988)
  • “Application of Hopfield Neural Networks To Vision and Speech Systems”, Research Report #K1440, McDonnell Douglas (1988)
  • “A Model for Identifying and Defining the Dynamics of a Mixed Initiative System”, Research Report #K0992. McDonnell Douglas (1989)

 1990’s

  • “An Architecture for Heuristic Control of Real-time Processing in a Distributed Processing Network”, Research Report #K0997. McDonnell Douglas (1990)
  • Proposal for New Algorithm Evaluation Methods. Technical Proceedings (1991)
  • “An Epistemology of Automated Pattern Acquisition, Analysis and Classification”. PAACS 26, 31-46 (1994)
  • “Multidimensional Lattices and the Assessment of Biocomplexity by Analogy”. Math. Biol. 22, 103-126 (1996) (Basic definition of physical complexity.)

 2000’s

  • The Explication and Objectives of Natural Access to Computers. For Discover Magazine and National Access Improvement Week. (2001)
  • “A Preliminary Multidimensional Complexity Assessment of the Drosphila melanogaster Derived from a Two-Hybrid-Based Protein Interaction Map of the Whole Organism”. Inst. Math Biol. VIII (2004) (Basic definition of physical complexity.)
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